SQL Server - Top waits

Identify top waits occurring in SQL Server. Handy script with links to detailed information about given wait. Links pointing to great SQL Server Wait Type Library from SQLSkills.com. You will find what is your SQL Server waiting for most and find out more information about wait for better understanding.

What’s amazing that you will also see how “popular” given wait type is. Data collected from monitoring tool are available in nice chart for almost every wait type on detail page.

Wait type occurrence chart (source: SQLSkills)

WITH [Waits] AS(
	SELECT
        [wait_type],
        [wait_time_ms] / 1000.0 AS [WaitS],
        ([wait_time_ms] - [signal_wait_time_ms]) / 1000.0 AS [ResourceS],
        [signal_wait_time_ms] / 1000.0 AS [SignalS],
        [waiting_tasks_count] AS [WaitCount],
        100.0 * [wait_time_ms] / SUM ([wait_time_ms]) OVER() AS [Percentage],
        ROW_NUMBER() OVER(ORDER BY [wait_time_ms] DESC) AS [RowNum]
    FROM sys.dm_os_wait_stats
    WHERE [wait_type] NOT IN (
        -- These wait types are almost 100% never a problem and so they are filtered out to avoid them skewing the results. 
		-- Click on the URL for more information.
        N'BROKER_EVENTHANDLER',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/BROKER_EVENTHANDLER
        N'BROKER_RECEIVE_WAITFOR',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/BROKER_RECEIVE_WAITFOR
        N'BROKER_TASK_STOP',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/BROKER_TASK_STOP
        N'BROKER_TO_FLUSH',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/BROKER_TO_FLUSH
        N'BROKER_TRANSMITTER',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/BROKER_TRANSMITTER
        N'CHECKPOINT_QUEUE',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/CHECKPOINT_QUEUE
        N'CHKPT',									-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/CHKPT
        N'CLR_AUTO_EVENT',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/CLR_AUTO_EVENT
        N'CLR_MANUAL_EVENT',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/CLR_MANUAL_EVENT
        N'CLR_SEMAPHORE',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/CLR_SEMAPHORE
        N'CXCONSUMER',								-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/CXCONSUMER
 
        -- Maybe comment these four out if you have mirroring issues
        N'DBMIRROR_DBM_EVENT',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/DBMIRROR_DBM_EVENT
        N'DBMIRROR_EVENTS_QUEUE',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/DBMIRROR_EVENTS_QUEUE
        N'DBMIRROR_WORKER_QUEUE',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/DBMIRROR_WORKER_QUEUE
        N'DBMIRRORING_CMD',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/DBMIRRORING_CMD
 
        N'DIRTY_PAGE_POLL',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/DIRTY_PAGE_POLL
        N'DISPATCHER_QUEUE_SEMAPHORE',				-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/DISPATCHER_QUEUE_SEMAPHORE
        N'EXECSYNC',								-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/EXECSYNC
        N'FSAGENT',									-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/FSAGENT
        N'FT_IFTS_SCHEDULER_IDLE_WAIT',				-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/FT_IFTS_SCHEDULER_IDLE_WAIT
        N'FT_IFTSHC_MUTEX',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/FT_IFTSHC_MUTEX
 
        -- Maybe comment these six out if you have AG issues
        N'HADR_CLUSAPI_CALL',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/HADR_CLUSAPI_CALL
        N'HADR_FILESTREAM_IOMGR_IOCOMPLETION',		-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/HADR_FILESTREAM_IOMGR_IOCOMPLETION
        N'HADR_LOGCAPTURE_WAIT',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/HADR_LOGCAPTURE_WAIT
        N'HADR_NOTIFICATION_DEQUEUE',				-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/HADR_NOTIFICATION_DEQUEUE
        N'HADR_TIMER_TASK',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/HADR_TIMER_TASK
        N'HADR_WORK_QUEUE',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/HADR_WORK_QUEUE
 
        N'KSOURCE_WAKEUP',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/KSOURCE_WAKEUP
        N'LAZYWRITER_SLEEP',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/LAZYWRITER_SLEEP
        N'LOGMGR_QUEUE',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/LOGMGR_QUEUE
        N'MEMORY_ALLOCATION_EXT',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/MEMORY_ALLOCATION_EXT
        N'ONDEMAND_TASK_QUEUE',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/ONDEMAND_TASK_QUEUE
        N'PREEMPTIVE_XE_GETTARGETSTATE',			-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/PREEMPTIVE_XE_GETTARGETSTATE
        N'PWAIT_ALL_COMPONENTS_INITIALIZED',		-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/PWAIT_ALL_COMPONENTS_INITIALIZED
        N'PWAIT_DIRECTLOGCONSUMER_GETNEXT',			-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/PWAIT_DIRECTLOGCONSUMER_GETNEXT
        N'QDS_PERSIST_TASK_MAIN_LOOP_SLEEP',		-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/QDS_PERSIST_TASK_MAIN_LOOP_SLEEP
        N'QDS_ASYNC_QUEUE',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/QDS_ASYNC_QUEUE
        N'QDS_CLEANUP_STALE_QUERIES_TASK_MAIN_LOOP_SLEEP',	-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/QDS_CLEANUP_STALE_QUERIES_TASK_MAIN_LOOP_SLEEP
        N'QDS_SHUTDOWN_QUEUE',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/QDS_SHUTDOWN_QUEUE
        N'REDO_THREAD_PENDING_WORK',				-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/REDO_THREAD_PENDING_WORK
        N'REQUEST_FOR_DEADLOCK_SEARCH',				-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/REQUEST_FOR_DEADLOCK_SEARCH
        N'RESOURCE_QUEUE',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/RESOURCE_QUEUE
        N'SERVER_IDLE_CHECK',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SERVER_IDLE_CHECK
        N'SLEEP_BPOOL_FLUSH',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_BPOOL_FLUSH
        N'SLEEP_DBSTARTUP',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_DBSTARTUP
        N'SLEEP_DCOMSTARTUP',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_DCOMSTARTUP
        N'SLEEP_MASTERDBREADY',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_MASTERDBREADY
        N'SLEEP_MASTERMDREADY',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_MASTERMDREADY
        N'SLEEP_MASTERUPGRADED',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_MASTERUPGRADED
        N'SLEEP_MSDBSTARTUP',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_MSDBSTARTUP
        N'SLEEP_SYSTEMTASK',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_SYSTEMTASK
        N'SLEEP_TASK',								-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_TASK
        N'SLEEP_TEMPDBSTARTUP',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SLEEP_TEMPDBSTARTUP
        N'SNI_HTTP_ACCEPT',							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SNI_HTTP_ACCEPT
        N'SP_SERVER_DIAGNOSTICS_SLEEP',				-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SP_SERVER_DIAGNOSTICS_SLEEP
        N'SQLTRACE_BUFFER_FLUSH',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SQLTRACE_BUFFER_FLUSH
        N'SQLTRACE_INCREMENTAL_FLUSH_SLEEP',		-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SQLTRACE_INCREMENTAL_FLUSH_SLEEP
        N'SQLTRACE_WAIT_ENTRIES',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/SQLTRACE_WAIT_ENTRIES
        N'WAIT_FOR_RESULTS',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/WAIT_FOR_RESULTS
        N'WAITFOR',									-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/WAITFOR
        N'WAITFOR_TASKSHUTDOWN',					-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/WAITFOR_TASKSHUTDOWN
        N'WAIT_XTP_RECOVERY',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/WAIT_XTP_RECOVERY
        N'WAIT_XTP_HOST_WAIT',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/WAIT_XTP_HOST_WAIT
        N'WAIT_XTP_OFFLINE_CKPT_NEW_LOG',			-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/WAIT_XTP_OFFLINE_CKPT_NEW_LOG
        N'WAIT_XTP_CKPT_CLOSE',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/WAIT_XTP_CKPT_CLOSE
        N'XE_DISPATCHER_JOIN',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/XE_DISPATCHER_JOIN
        N'XE_DISPATCHER_WAIT',						-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/XE_DISPATCHER_WAIT
        N'XE_TIMER_EVENT'							-- https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/XE_TIMER_EVENT
    )
    AND [waiting_tasks_count] > 0
)
SELECT
    MAX ([W1].[wait_type]) AS [WaitType],
    CAST (MAX ([W1].[WaitS]) AS DECIMAL (16,2)) AS [WaitSeconds],
    CAST (MAX ([W1].[ResourceS]) AS DECIMAL (16,2)) AS [ResourceWaitSeconds],
    CAST (MAX ([W1].[SignalS]) AS DECIMAL (16,2)) AS [SignalWaitSeconds],
    MAX ([W1].[WaitCount]) AS [WaitCount],
    CAST (MAX ([W1].[Percentage]) AS DECIMAL (5,2)) AS [Percentage],
    CAST ((MAX ([W1].[WaitS]) / MAX ([W1].[WaitCount])) AS DECIMAL (16,4)) AS [AvgWaitSeconds],
    CAST ((MAX ([W1].[ResourceS]) / MAX ([W1].[WaitCount])) AS DECIMAL (16,4)) AS [AvgResourceWaitSeconds],
    CAST ((MAX ([W1].[SignalS]) / MAX ([W1].[WaitCount])) AS DECIMAL (16,4)) AS [AvgSignalWaitSeconds],
    CAST ('https://www.sqlskills.com/help/waits/' + MAX ([W1].[wait_type]) as XML) AS [Help/InfoURL]
FROM [Waits] AS [W1]
	INNER JOIN [Waits] AS [W2] ON [W2].[RowNum] <= [W1].[RowNum]
GROUP BY [W1].[RowNum]
HAVING SUM ([W2].[Percentage]) - MAX([W1].[Percentage]) < 95; -- percentage threshold
GO

Results

Script results screen:

Results screen

Script results detailed description:

Column nameData typeDescription
WaitTypenvarchar(60)Name of the wait type.
WaitSecondsdecimal(16, 2)Total wait time for this wait type in seconds. This time is inclusive of signal_wait_time_ms.
ResourceWaitSecondsdecimal(16, 2)Time spent by waiting for resources available.
SignalWaitSecondsdecimal(16, 2)Difference between the time that the waiting thread was signaled and when it started running.
WaitCountbigintNumber of waits on this wait type. This counter is incremented at the start of each wait.
Percentagedecimal(5, 2)Wait for given wait type proportion to whole time of waits.
AvgWaitSecondsdecimal(16, 4)Average wait time per wait type.
AvgResourceWaitSecondsdecimal(16, 4)Average wait time for resources per wait type.
AvgSignalWaitSecondsdecimal(16, 4)Average signal wait time per wait type.
Help/InfoURLxmlURL to wait type detail page on www.sqlskills.com, clickable string that brings you to the website.

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